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End of Life Care

End-of-life care refers to health care provided in the time leading up to a person’s death. End-of-life care can be provided in the hours, days, or months before a person dies and encompasses care and support for a person’s mental and emotional needs, physical comfort, spiritual needs, and practical tasks

EoLC is most commonly provided at home, in the hospital, or in a long-term care facility with care being provided by family members, nurses, social workers, physicians, and other support staff. Facilities may also have palliative or hospice care teams that will provide end-of-life care services. Decisions about end-of-life care are often informed by medical, financial and ethical considerations.

In most advanced countries, medical spending on people in the last twelve months of life makes up roughly 10% of total aggregate medical spending, while those in the last three years of life can cost up to 25%.